Children's ophthalmology (Paediatric ophthalmology) is a branch of medicine which specialises in children’s eye care. Doctors in this specialty are referred to as paediatric ophthalmologists. Some of the eye exam tests performed in children include:
- Vision assessment – various methods are used to check a child's visual acuity and are based on the age of the child.
- Determination of refractive error – this test is done to determine the need for glasses in children; the test is performed after pupil dilation eye drops to relax accommodation to determine the exact measurement.
- Motility Examination – this is a measurement of alignment of the eyes for planning treatment of strabismus (misalignment of eyes).
- Biomicroscopy and dilated fundus examinations – these tests are done to investigate the presence of any eye diseases associated with systemic diseases.
Some of the treatments provided in paediatric ophthalmology include prescriptions for glasses, patching and fogging treatment for amblyopia, eye-exercises, surgery for cataract and glaucoma in infancy and children, treatment for eye infections, inflammatory conditions, or screening for eye conditions related to systemic conditions or syndromes. Surgical procedures for the treatment of blocked tear ducts, muscle surgery for strabismus, paediatric cataract extraction and use of intraocular lens, paediatric glaucoma surgery inside or outside the sclera, surgical excision of eye and eyelid lesions, and the repair of turned in eye lashes can also be performed by a paediatric ophthalmologist.